Fast evolution in industrial automation systems automation needs tighter integration between devices, which are on the plant floor and the entire of the enterprise. This integration needs smart devices for data collection, a safe network infrastructure, and also ability to convert data into actionable information.
The need for manufacturers to enhance what and how data is shared across their operations has increased. The agility and productivity of a business can only be improved by receiving and using real-time information.
The usage of control systems is what is referred to as industrial automation, like information technologies, robots, and computers for handling different types of machinery and processes in an industry to take the place of a human being. It is the second stage beyond mechanization in the field of industrialization.
Increase flexibility and quality in Your Manufacturing Process
Previously the reason for automation was to boost productivity (because automated systems can work round the clock), and to decrease the expense related to human operators (i .e. benefits and wages). But nowadays, the focus of automation has moved to increasing flexibility and quality in a manufacturing process, says Thompson Brown, engineer at Equustek Solutions Inc.
In the automobile field, the installation of pistons into the engine was previously done manually with an error level of 1 to1.5 percent. Currently, this job has an error rate of 0.00001 percent when carried out by automated machinery.
Benefits of Industrial Automation
Reduced operating expense
Industrial automation removes holidays and healthcare costs and paid leave linked to a human operator. Additionally, industrial automation does not need other staff benefits like pension coverage, bonuses, etc. Most importantly, though it is linked to a high initial cost, it will save the monthly wages of the employees, which results in considerable cost savings for the business. The maintenance expense linked to machinery utilized for industrial automation is lower since it does not usually fail. If it breaks down, only computer and maintenance engineers should repair it.
Automation reduces the mistake linked to a human being. Additionally, contrary to human beings, robots do not have any exhaustion, which leads to products with uniform quality produced at different periods.
Information accuracy is high
Adding automated data collection can let you decrease your data collection expenses, gather important manufacturing information, and improve accuracy of data. This gives you the information to make the proper decisions with regards to minimizing waste and bettering your processes.
Though most companies employ numerous production staff for up to three shifts to operate the plant for the maximum number of hours, the manufacturing plant still has to be shut down for holidays and maintenance. Industrial automation meets the goal of the business by permitting the business to run a plant for round the clock each week and 365 days annually. This results in a considerable improvement in the productivity of the business.
Industrial automation will make the manufacturing line safe for the workers by deploying robots to deal with dangerous conditions.
Including a new task in the assembly line needs training with a human operator, but robots can do any task when programmed. This will make the manufacturing process more flexible.
Downsides of Industrial Automation
Initial costs are high
The initial cost connected with the making the change from a human manufacturing line to an automatic manufacturing line is extremely high. Also, considerable expenses are involved in training workers to operate this new advanced equipment.
Industrial automation has lately found more recognition increasingly from various industries due to its huge benefits, like safety, increased productivity and quality at reduced costs.