data security

Enterprises create, store and use huge amounts of data on a daily basis. This data is used for a variety of purposes – running daily operations, monitor stock cycles and logistics, connect vendors and business partners, create customer pipelines, fulfill customer or business partner orders, manage expenses, record payments and keeping track of outstanding, and carrying out analytics to understand customer behavior and frame marketing strategies – just to name a few. But what happens when some or all of this data becomes inaccessible? That is a disaster, and the extent of the disaster would depend on how the data is used and stored across the enterprise, and what Philadelphia data recovery plans are in place.

Definition

Data recovery is a technique using which inaccessible data can be recovered and restored after it is lost or accidentally destroyed or otherwise made unusable due to a natural disaster. When we speak of a company or enterprise, it will refer to data stored in individual machines like computers or laptops, and in large servers, and in external storage devices. When we talk of individual homes, data recovery could simply refer to the recovery of a laptop’s hard disk that crashed because you spilled coffee all over the keyboard.

Reasons for Data Getting Compromised

External causes are less commonly the reasons for loss of data and are more usually caused by internal errors by employees of the enterprise. It could be due to systemic failures like short circuits or minor fires or physical damage to the data storage centers. If the enterprise deals with sensitive data, or if it has competitors who are not completely ethical, then data loss could also be due to malicious attacks by external agencies.

How Can Data Recovery Be Done?

Depending on how the data loss happened, and what kind of backup systems were put in place, and what kind of storage media were used to take the backups, there are different data recovery methods used. At the very simple level of standalone computers and laptops in an enterprise, for example, the data could be even recovered by the users themselves, without needing to engage any experts. But if the data was being backed up at a secondary location or even on tapes at the same location, then it is advisable to call in the experts and keep the system down till they arrive and take charge. For situations where files got corrupted or deleted with no backup taken, the files would still exist as fragments on the hard drive but would need IT experts to effect complete recovery. The reason for this is that the file allocation table wouldn’t be working properly, but the actual file could be still existing undamaged. That distinction can only be made by someone who is trained in data services.

Basics of Data Recovery

If an enterprise has made backup plans well, then data loss itself can be prevented. Several Data Loss Prevention tools can keep your data safe, and you can do away with the need to call in data recovery experts. But if data recovery is mandated, then it could either be Instant Recovery is sometimes used by creating a snapshot of the data. The current users then work on this snapshot, while the recovery of the original data continues in the background. If the enterprise has a business continuity plan in place, the data would already have been backed up at a secondary location, and the operations are moved seamlessly to the secondary location while recovery of the primary location is started.

Data Recovery as Part of Business Continuity

Data is one of the most critical parts of the functioning of a company, but it is by no means the only one. Any company that starts thinking about protection and possible recovery of their data should make those plans in the overall context of the business environment. While the data is being recovered, the normal business operations of the enterprise can’t be allowed to stop. Therefore, the company needs to build a plan of how to keep things running normally in the event of a disaster, while data recovery efforts continue in the background. This plan would first need to segregate the data into segments, regarding which are most urgent for recovery, which can be required with some delay, and which are not useful files which do not need to be recovered at all.