While the average user doesn’t have to think about the use of IP Addresses, with much of it happening behind the scenes, they’re an important part of how the Internet works. A string of numbers separated by periods, many people don’t even know what their IP address is, although it’s easy to look up the answer to “What is my IP?”
The network, processes, and devices that all communicate with each other require IP addresses to function properly.
Private and Public IP Addresses
There are multiple different types of IP addresses, though most have the same format. Every business or individual with an Internet service plan has two types of IP address, the public IP address and their private IP addresses. All devices connected to an Internet network have private IP addresses, including computers, tablets, smartphones, and likely Bluetooth devices such as printers and other smart products. The route must identify each one separately, and they also need to recognize each other, which is why the route generates private IP addresses that are unique identifiers for every product, differentiating them on the network.
The public IP address is a primary address associated with the entire network. All the IP addresses of connected devices are included under this main public address provided to the router by the ISP, or Internet service provider. The company typically has a large pool of IP addresses purchased and distributed to their customers. All devices outside of your network will use it to recognize your network and everything that’s connected to it.
Dynamic or Static?
There are both dynamic and static IP addresses. Most Internet users are given a dynamic IP address from their ISP. They’re automatically assigned to customers and change frequently, with a new one periodically assigned while the previous one is placed back into a pool and recycled for other customers. It provides a level of security that makes it harder for hackers to reach the network interface.
A static IP address is virtually a non-changing Internet address for a business. It’s like a physical street address in that it tells other servers or computers where a specific computer is connected to the Internet or where it’s located. That can be useful for many businesses who have needs such as hosting an FTP server, a web, or email address, remote access to a corporate network, or hosting a webcam for video conferencing and video streaming. While a dynamic IP address usually makes sense for most individual consumers, for businesses, particularly those that require external and internal devices to know and remember the IP address, a static IP address can bring many benefits, such as making it easier for employees to work remotely while providing better reliability for voice and video communications applications.
Getting a New Static IP Address
If you’d like to get a new static IP address, you’ll simply need to contact the customer service department and ask to purchase it through them. As Small Business Trends has noted, it’s generally worth the small price you’ll pay for all you’ll get in return. You’ll give them the address of the device you want it assigned to, and within a few days, you should have one. At that point, you’ll reset your router, modem, or device.