Space missions are operated within an extremely complex environment. The autonomy of space is primarily delivered through a collection of logic-based algorithms that respond to specific circumstances within human exploration. There is more of a need for automated autonomy ambition, with greater precision for navigational spacecraft through logical-based algorithms.

Traditionally, human exploration is driven by technology, for example, the first spaceflight generation in the 20th century, launching artificial satellites. Now, as humans begin to step up autonomy and space exploration, Artificial Intelligence is expected to play a monumental role going forward.

The ability of Artificial Intelligence is for machine learning algorithms to identify data trends to help improve the outcomes through the deep-learning abilities that it reforms. We have seen that Machine Learning is now becoming a more popular innovation for many industries such as banking, healthcare and retail. Now, the technology, along with Big Data, is expected to strike big within future space exploration and the use Big Data aims to identify data trends and perform predictions. These responsibilities are known as data transmission and analytics.

Today, the private sector is required to drive progress through vision-based technologies including autonomous satellite servicing and lunar landing. Whilst there has been a push for further machine learning within space exploration, its been identified that this is becoming more resource-intensive and costly. The expertise of the translation of raw data into visionary through deep machine learning algorithms have proven to be expensive, through the validation of physical testbeds featuring robots moving through approach targets such as asteroids. Computer hardware hasn’t been analysed in the sense of whether it can sustain the climate of space. However, the progression of digitization is now begging for the need for change and adaptation within the space climate.

Here are three areas in which Machine Learning can improve space projects.

Space Navigation

Machine Learning can improve its current infrastructure through spacecraft and motion control. The geometric and kinematical location information needs to be immediately responsive due to the complex ability of outer space missions as the spacecraft is located further away from the earth.

There is an increased demand for a more self-learning adjustable navigation capability such as autonomous navigation.

Rocket Launching and Landing

Algorithms are being studied to increase autonomy levels for air and space systems. Within spaceship and rocket landings, the common concerns that haven’t been addressed yet include sensors and software errors, and machine learning should now be in pole position to optimize the landings of sensors or software.

Space Exploration

Machine Learning is expected to play a vital role in space exploration. Through path-planning algorithms, spacecraft may be expected to simply operate using artificial intelligence algorithms. This will be a new world for humans to adapt to.

Autonomous spacecraft is currently in design and these innovations are continuing to this day through Artificial Intelligence. This will be a brand new world and the transition is expected to be

complex for humans. Therefore, emergent artificial intelligence algorithms must be stringent and be able to expand itself to a level of self-unknown.